Leather and Fashion:

Debunking the Justified Controversy in the Fast Fashion Industry (Part 2)

Leather and Fashion: Debunking the Justified Controversy in the Fast Fashion Industry (Part 2) DR. STACEY DENISE MOORE LEARN ABOUT […]

leather Art

Are you an environmental activist, artist, designer, or simply a climate-conscious individual? Are you curious to know if leather has a place in the fast fashion industry?

Look no further! In the second part of our series on fast fashion, we’ll explore the heated debate on leather – its uses, harms, and benefits in the fashion world.

Leather has always been a sought-after material for its durability, versatility, and timeless appeal.

However, its production process is anything but sustainable, involving intensive water consumption, land use, and toxic chemicals that harm the environment and communities.

Yet, there are arguments for and against leather as a by-product of the meat industry, and even its potential to be biodegradable and eco-friendly. Join us now for part 2 of our series as we unpack the complexity of leather in fashion, from ethical sourcing to alternative materials.

Leather: Justified controversy?


Where does leather exactly fit into the fashion industry? For millennia, this prized material has held a special place in human culture, cherished for its durability, versatility, and undeniable allure.

From some of the earliest forms of clothing to modern shoes, bags, and jackets to trendy accessories, leather has become synonymous with high-end fashion, drawing admiration from different cultures and subcultures worldwide.

Think of the punk rockers in the UK who wear their worn-out Doc Martens as a symbol of rebellion and authenticity. These shoes bear the marks of countless adventures, telling stories through their scuffs and creases.

On the other end of the spectrum, consider the treasured designer bags that make occasional appearances in the world, their pristine condition maintained through careful handling and limited use. Leather has the ability to captivate and evoke emotions, connecting people with a sense of style, craftsmanship, and heritage. 

However, the production of leather is intertwined with the livestock industry, which carries its own set of environmental concerns. As we delve deeper, we encounter the stark reality that the livestock sector contributes to deforestation, a well-known driver of climate change.

The clearing of land for grazing and feed production necessary to support animal agriculture plays a significant role in this process.

These activities are not exclusive to the leather industry, but they are deeply interconnected, especially in the realm of affordable and disposable leather goods that are prevalent in fast fashion.

The consumption of meat and leather is fundamentally linked, perpetuating a cycle that impacts our environment on multiple fronts. The demand for affordable leather goods aligns with the high demand for meat, driving the livestock industry to expand and encroach upon forests and natural habitats.

This expansion leads to deforestation, the release of stored carbon dioxide, and the loss of biodiversity, all of which contribute to climate change and ecological imbalance.


These substances pose significant environmental and health risks. Improper disposal of these chemicals can contaminate water bodies, leading to the pollution of ecosystems and detrimental effects on local communities. 

In addition to environmental concerns, there are moral and ethical dimensions that contribute to the controversy surrounding leather. It is worth noting that similar negative impacts on biodiversity, natural resources, and human communities can be associated with cotton and hemp plantations.

However, leather production specifically raises valid concerns regarding animal welfare. The livestock industry, which is closely related to the production of leather, suffers from problems like crowded living quarters and inhumane animal treatment.

Furthermore, critics argue that the environmental consequences associated with raising animals for leather production outweigh the durability and longevity offered by leather products. This viewpoint challenges the sustainability and overall value of leather in light of its significant ecological footprint.

So if leather is so harmful to the environment, what do the various alternatives to it have to say for themselves?

Alternatives to leather: Pros and cons

When it comes to exploring alternatives to traditional leather, the landscape offers a diverse range of options, each with its own distinct advantages and, often overlooked, disadvantages.

While it’s important to consider the positive attributes of alternative materials, it’s equally crucial to acknowledge the potential drawbacks associated with them.

By delving into these aspects, we can gain a more comprehensive understanding of the alternatives to traditional leather and make well-informed decisions.

One notable alternative is vegan leather, also referred to as synthetic or faux leather. This type of leather substitutes animal-derived materials with synthetic substances like polyurethane (PU) or polyvinyl chloride (PVC). By avoiding the use of animal products, vegan leather offers a cruelty-free option for those concerned about animal welfare.


Vegan leather has gained popularity due to its versatility and wide range of applications in the fashion industry. It provides a similar look and feel to genuine leather, allowing consumers to enjoy the aesthetic appeal without the ethical concerns associated with animal-derived materials.

Additionally, vegan leather can be produced in various colors and textures, offering creative possibilities for designers and consumers alike. 

However, it is important to note that vegan leather also comes with certain considerations. As you probably guessed from its source, the production process relies on fossil fuels, raising questions about their overall environmental impact.

Additionally, the durability and longevity of vegan leather may vary depending on the quality of the material and manufacturing processes employed. This can affect its ability to withstand wear and tear over time, potentially resulting in a shorter lifespan and higher environmental impact compared to genuine leather.

In addition to vegan leather, there is a growing interest in exploring plant-based alternatives that offer sustainable and eco-friendly options. Examples include pineapple leather, known as Piñatex, and mushroom leather, often referred to as MuSkin.

These materials harness agricultural waste or fungal mycelium to create durable and biodegradable alternatives to animal-derived leather.


Pineapple leather utilizes discarded pineapple leaves, a byproduct of the fruit industry, to create a versatile and sustainable material. By repurposing agricultural waste, it reduces environmental impact and offers a more circular approach to production.

Mushroom leather, on the other hand, harnesses the mycelium, the root-like structure of mushrooms, to produce a leather-like material. This innovative process creates a renewable and compostable alternative that holds promise for a more sustainable fashion industry.

While plant-based materials hold promises as alternatives to traditional leather, it is essential to address the realistic drawbacks they currently face.

One significant challenge revolves around scalability. While these materials demonstrate potential, their production processes require further refinement and optimization to meet the demands of the expansive fashion industry.

Scaling up the production of plant-based materials to meet global demand remains a complex task, and by pursuing it, companies might exacerbate the environmental impacts they are seemingly trying to combat. Currently, the availability of these materials is limited, making it difficult to supply them on a large scale.

Simply put, there are a lot fewer pineapple leaves available than we’d need to make enough leather products to meet demand.

Even if we had sufficient raw resources available, the infrastructure needed for mass production would need to be developed or expanded to accommodate the growing interest in these allegedly sustainable alternatives.

This includes ensuring a steady and reliable supply chain of raw materials, establishing efficient manufacturing processes, and meeting quality control standards.


Trash in a landfill is just that, no matter how it was sourced. We are still taking nutrients from the soil by using the leaves rather than composting them, so the entire system needs to be looked at rather than just the source of the material.

Lastly, cost-effectiveness is a crucial consideration for widespread adoption of plant-based materials as alternatives to traditional leather.

At present, the production costs associated with these materials are higher compared to conventional leather production.

Factors such as sourcing, processing, and research and development contribute to the elevated costs. To gain wider acceptance and compete with traditional leather, manufacturers need to explore innovative approaches and streamline production processes to make these alternatives economically viable.


To truly transform the fashion industry into an environmentally conscious and responsible ecosystem, we must transcend simplistic narratives and confront the complexities of its environmental impact head-on.

The root of the problem lies in a system that values profit above all else, disregarding the origins, destination, and well-being of the products it relentlessly produces.

Blaming fellow consumers for their choices is not the solution; it is about challenging the very system built on mass production and indifference.

It is vital to emphasize that advocating for sustainability and responsible fashion does not mean sacrificing personal style and self-expression. There is nothing inherently wrong with being fashionable and embracing individuality while working within our respective budgets.

The key lies in shifting our focus toward a more conscious approach to fashion, where style and sustainability can coexist in perfect harmony. By making mindful choices and supporting brands that prioritize ethical and environmentally friendly practices when feasible, we can make a small but significant positive impact.


Furthermore, it is crucial to acknowledge that the sustainability landscape is complex, with each material carrying both known and hidden impacts. Additionally, many sustainable options remain prohibitively expensive and inaccessible to a wide range of consumers.

As a society, we must direct our attention towards campaigns that hold brands and governments accountable, pushing for systemic changes rather than placing the sole blame on consumers.

By doing so, we can collectively forge a fashion industry that celebrates creativity, personal expression, and the well-being of our planet and its resources.

In conclusion, leather remains a topic of controversy in the fast fashion industry. While it can be seen as harmful due to the environmental impacts of leather production and the use of animal skins, it can also be argued that it serves a useful purpose in creating durable and long-lasting clothing and accessories.

Ultimately, the choice of whether to use leather or not comes down to personal values and beliefs.

leather hat

For environmental activists and consumers who are climate conscious, there are many alternative options to leather that are both sustainable and fashionable.

The upcoming third installment in our Fast Fashion series will explore the hidden challenges and health impacts of these vegan alternatives, shedding light on a complex and often overlooked issue in the fashion industry.

Whether you are an artist, designer, or simply someone who cares about the environment and animal welfare, it is important to stay informed and conscious of the impact our fashion choices have on the world.

By supporting sustainable and ethical fashion practices, we can work towards a more responsible and mindful industry for all.

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